E.E. Smith, in full Edward Elmer Smith, also called Doc Smith, was born May 2, 1890, in Sheboygan, Wisconsin, U.S. and died on August 31, 1965, in Seaside, Oregon. He was an American science-fiction author who is credited with creating in the Skylark series (1928–65) and the Lensman series (1934–50) the subgenre of “space opera,” action-adventure set on a vast intergalactic scale involving faster-than-light spaceships, powerful weapons, and fantastic technology.
Smith’s works were criticized for having many of the faults of pulp writing, such as wooden dialogue and clichéd characters. However, his groundbreaking adventures, with their breathless action and cosmic scale, were an enormous influence on the science fiction that followed.